The verbal section of the GMAT consists of 3 question types:
- Sentence Correction (SC)
- Critical Reasoning (CR)
- Reading Comprehension (RC)
“Sentence correction questions test your English language proficiency and ability to express an idea clearly, concisely, and grammatically correct.” – mba.com
An SC question consists of a sentence with a portion underlined. The subsequent 5 answer choices consist of text. Your objective is to select the answer choice that when replaces the underlined portion, makes the sentence gramatically correct and concise while maintaining the intended meaning.
Sample SC question:
While larger banks can afford to maintain their own data-processing operations, many smaller regional and community banks are finding that the cost associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of new products and technical staff are prohibitive.
(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated with
(C) costs arising from
(D) cost of
(E) costs of
“Critical reasoning questions measure the reasoning skills you use when crafting arguments, evaluating arguments, and formulating or evaluating a plan of action.”
A CR question consists of 3 portions: a small passage, a question stem and 5 answer choices. The objective is to select the answer choice that best answers the question of the stem based on the given passage.
Sample CR question:
The cost of producing radios in Country Q is ten percent less than the cost of producing radios in Country Y. Even after transportation fees and tariff charges are added, it is still cheaper for a company to import radios from Country Q to Country Y than to produce radios in Country Y.
The statements above, if true, best support which of the following assertions?
- (A) Labor costs in Country Q are ten percent below those in Country Y.
- (B) Importing radios from Country Q to Country Y will eliminate ten percent of the manufacturing jobs in Country Y.
- (C) The tariff on a radio imported from Country Q to Country Y is less than ten percent of the cost of manufacturing the radio in Country Y.
- (D) The fee for transporting a radio from Country Q to Country Y is more than ten percent of the cost of manufacturing the radio in Country Q.
- (E) It takes ten percent less time to manufacture a radio in Country Q than it does in Country Y.
“Reading comprehension questions measure your ability to understand, analyze, and apply information and concepts presented in written form.”
An RC question appears as a set. An RC questions set consists of 1 passage (300-500 words) followed by multiple questions (3-5) based on that passage.
Sample RC question:
Schools expect textbooks to be a valuable source of information for students. My research suggests, however, that textbooks that address the place of Native Americans within the history of the United States distort history to suit a particular cultural value system. In some textbooks, for example, settlers are pictured as more humane, complex, skillful, and wise than Native Americans. In essence, textbooks stereotype and depreciate the numerous Native American cultures while reinforcing the attitude that the European conquest of the New World denotes the superiority of European cultures. Although textbooks evaluate Native American architecture, political systems, and homemaking, I contend that they do it from an ethnocentric, European perspective without recognizing that other perspectives are possible.
One argument against my contention asserts that, by nature, textbooks are culturally biased and that I am simply underestimating children’s ability to see through these biases. Some researchers even claim that by the time students are in high school, they know they cannot take textbooks literally. Yet substantial evidence exists to the contrary. Two researchers, for example, have conducted studies that suggest that children’s attitudes about particular cultures are strongly influenced by the textbooks used in schools. Given this, an ongoing, careful review of how school textbooks depict Native Americans is certainly warranted.
Which of the following would most logically be the topic of the paragraph immediately following the passage?
- (A) specific ways to evaluate the biases of United States history textbooks
- (B) the centrality of the teacher’s role in United States history courses
- (C) nontraditional methods of teaching United States history
- (D) the contributions of European immigrants to the development of the United States
- (E) ways in which parents influence children’s political attitudes